Specialized Transportation

  • General considerations for specialized transportation

    • The student's IEP team must make the determination as to whether a child requires transportation as a related service. 34 CFR 300.34 (c)(16). Letter to Anonymous, 23 IDELR 832 (OSEP 1995)
    • A child's IEP team is responsible for determining whether transportation between school and other locations is necessary in order for the child to receive FAPE. Likewise, if a child's IEP team determines that supports or modifications are needed in order for the child to be transported so that the child can receive FAPE, the child must receive the necessary transportation and supports at no cost to the parents. Analysis of Comments and Changes to 2006 IDEA Part B Regulations, 71 Fed. Reg. 46576 (August 14, 2006).
    • In determining whether to include transportation in a child's IEP, and whether the child needs to receive transportation as a related service, it would be appropriate to have a person with expertise in this area at the IEP meeting. Notice of Interpretation, Appendix A, Question 33 (1999 regulations). Schools are advised to consider including transportation personnel for a student who presents unusual and complex transportation needs requiring a degree of expertise not held by other members of the IEP team. The qualified provider can participate by either attending the IEP meeting or providing a written recommendation concerning the nature, frequency and amount of service to be provided to the child, which can then be incorporated as part of the evaluation report. Notice of Interpretation, Appendix A, Question 30 (1999 regulations).


    Other considerations

    • The nature and severity of the child's disability
    • Personnel to assist child
    • Extent of services to be provided (bus stop, curb to curb, door to door including precise pick-up & drop off points
    • Description of specific circumstances for the provision of transportation outside of the regular school day
    • Least restrictive environment consideration
    • Provision of necessary medical procedures for medically fragile students
    • Access to FAPE



    • Bus scheduling matters, including determination of bus route and timing of pick up and drop off. 
    • Selection of bus stop. 
    • Selection of bus driver and any other personnel who will assist the student during transportation.
    • Decisions about appropriation of resources used to provide that transportation - private fleet versus contracting with companies who have independently owned vehicles.