"We are fundamentally social creatures - our brains are wired to foster working and playing together. Trauma devastates the social-engagement system and interferes with cooperation, nurturing and the ability to function as a productive member of the clan [...] many mental health problems, from drug addiction to self-injurious behavior, start off as attempts to cope with emotions that became unbearable because of lack of adequate human contact and support. Yet institutions that deal with traumatized children and adults all too often bypass the emotional-engagement systems that is the foundation of who we are and instead focus narrowly on correcting 'faulty thinking' and on suppressing unpleasant emotions and troublesome behaviors."
(Bessel van der Kolk, "The Body Keeps Score, pg 351)
Impact of trauma:
- change the architecture of our brains & the health of our immune system
- influence physical health & longevity
- trigger inflammation
- lack of focus
- emotionally dysregulated
- increase anxiety & impulsivity
(Bessel van der Kolk, M.D. )
Adverse Childhood Experiences = ACEs Score
Based on the Adverse Childhood Experience study, Dr. Vincent Felitti and Dr. Robert Anda came up with an ACE score. These experiences could lead to biological changes that would alter a child's brain and immunology such that they would develop future health concerns as an adult.
ACESTooHigh - Website that reports on research about adverse childhood experiences. These include epidemiology, neurobiology, and the biomedical and epigenetic consequences of toxic stress.
- School Services (visit school website for contact information)
- School Counselor
- School Social Workers
- Co-located Services
- Equity Specialists
- District School Nurses
- District Mental Health Website
Author: Donna Jackson Nakazawa
Author: Belleruth Naparstek
Author: Rachel Goldsmith Turow
Author: David Emerson, Elizabeth Hopper, and Bessel van der Kolk
Author: Kristin Neff
Author: Bessel van der Kolk M.D.
Author: Nadine Burke Harris M.D.
Author: David A. Treleaven